White Phase/Gunfighter Phase

Recruits spend much of their time on various ranges going through marksmanship and combat training during the White or “Gunfighter” Phase. You'll start learning more about your new best friend, the M16A2, at a typical shooting range and move on to farther targets and pop-up targets. Soon, you'll segue to learning about grenades, grenade launchers, and heavy machine guns. Recruits are also introduced to anti-tank and other heavy weapons during this phase.

During the second week, recruits get practice using bayonets as part of your engagement skills. You'll also get time to practice negotiating the obstacle course. You'll run the obstacle course carrying your M16A2 Rifle and you will be expected to work as a "team" with your Battle Buddy.

Of course, during this time at boot camp, you'll continue daily PT, practice basic drill and ceremonies, and will be expected to show that you are grasping the basics of your new military life. At the conclusion of this phase, there will be several “go or no-go” tests to ensure that those recruits that aren't proficient with the weaponry will be held back and not allowed to advance to the next phase.

White Phase Testing

Starting in October, 2015, the Army is adding tests at the end of each phase of training. These tests are designed to make sure every individual knows essential and practical skills that they will use throughout their military career.

After White Phase, the Company Commander will pick 9 of the following tests - you must complete at least 7 of them successfully in order to move on to Blue Phase. If you don't pass them, you'll get the opportunity to do White Phase again!

Here are the possible White Phase tests (some are repeats from Red Phase):

  • Protect yourself from Chemical/Biological contamination using your protective mask.
  • React to a Chemical or Biological attack.
  • React to nuclear hazard/attack.
  • Decontaminate yourself and equipment using chemical decontaminating kits.
  • Perform voice communications.
  • Identify terrain features on a map.
  • Determine the grid coordinates of a point on a map.
  • Measure distance on a map.
  • Determine a magnetic azimuth using a lensatic compass.
  • Identify chemical agents using M8 or M9 detector paper.
  • Perform first aid for bleeding of an extremity.
  • Perform first aid for an open chest wound.
  • Evaluate a casualty.
  • Perform first aid for an open chest wound.
  • Evaluate a casualty.
  • Perform first aid to prevent or control shock.
  • Perform functions check on an M16/M4.
  • Recite the Army Values.
  • Challenge persons entering your area.
  • Perform first aid for heat injuries.
  • Perform first aid to clear an object stuck in the throat of a conscious casualty.
  • Load an M16/M4.
  • Unload an M16/M4.
  • Execute drill movements with arms (marching).
  • Execute drill movements with arms (stationary).
  • React to an approaching officer while walking and/or seated.
  • React to an approaching NCO while walking and/or seated.
  • React to an inspecting officer.
  • Report to an officer indoors and outdoors.
  • React to an officer entering a building.
  • Identify rank.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of military time/24-hour clock.

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