The Hundred Years' War was not a continuous war, but three separate conflicts (The Edwardian War 1337-1360, The Caroline War 1369-1389, and The Lancastrian War 1415-1453) each separated by an unsuccessful truce. These conflicts were all fought between England and France (and their respective allies) for the control of the French throne after the end of the Capetian line of French kings.
During the Edwardian War one of the most important battles of the Hundred Years' War, the Battle of Crecy, was fought on August 26, 1346 just south of Calais, France. During the battle, the English - who numbered around 9-15,000 - were defending the higher ground from a massive French assault of around 35-100,000.
The French forces primarily consisted of mounted knights and crossbowmen, both thought to be vastly superior to the English forces of longbowmen and knights, but the terrain proved to work heavily in favor of the English. The French knights, with armor unable to stop longbow arrows and unprotected horses, were quickly forced on foot, where they were unable to advance quickly (and unable to fight after climbing in heavy mail armor) while the crossbows inadequate range meant that they could not easily reach the English forces and were cut down by the English arrows and infantry.
This battle is considered by many to be the end of the age of chivalry and knights were no longer the seemingly invincible force that they once were.
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