During the Guadalcanal campaign in late October of 1942, the Japanese were making massive attacks against the Allied-held Henderson Airfield. In addition to the ground offensive, the Japanese were also planning massive naval and air attacks, known as the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, to decisively defeat Allied forces.
The Japanese ground offensive was called off on October 26, 1942, after losing over 2,000 men, while costing the Allies around 80. Despite this failure, the Japanese naval offensive continued, with both sides launching strikes against each other shortly after 9 am. The initial US attack inflicted damage on the Japanese carrier Shokaku and heavy cruiser Chikuma, while the Japanese attack severely damaged the US carrier USS Hornet. The second wave of Japanese attacks targeted and damaged the USS Enterprise, and several smaller ships, although many of the attacking planes were destroyed.
After this wave of attacks the US Navy pulled out of the combat area, as did the Japanese. While the number of sunk ships favored the Japanese (who had three heavily damaged ships, while the US had two ships sunk and two more damaged), the Japanese lost more aircraft and aircrew. However, the US was able to repair their damaged ships easier, and replace those that were lost quicker. The real damage to the Japanese Navy, was the large loss of experienced aircrew.
This loss, combined with the aircrew losses in the Battle of Coral Sea, Battle of Midway, and the Battle of the Eastern Solomons had a devastating effect on future air battles.
For Department of Defense personnel and others authorized to access Army Knowledge Online (AKO), you will need to click on the above image to find links on how to access AKO or obtain assistance with your official AKO account.
If being an infantryman isn't dangerous enough for you, maybe you would be more interested in serving in Special Forces. Read online about what it takes to join the Green Berets or become a Ranger by clicking the image.
Discover all of the jobs or MOSs (military occupational specialties) available in the US Army by clicking the above image. You can see a sorted list of jobs from infantryman to counter-intelligence to heavy artillery mechanic.
Learn when and how to wear the camouflaged Army Combat Uniform or the dressy blue Army Service Uniform, as well as approved hair, tattoos, jewelry, and other aspects of your appearance by clicking the above image.
Don't be the poor guy at boot camp that salutes a sergeant or casually walks up to a captain. Click the above image to take a look at all of the enlisted, warrant officer, and officer ranks and memorize them.
The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) determines if you are eligible to join and what jobs you qualify for. Click the image to read more about the ASVAB and test your knowledge with the two practice tests.
Going to college? ROTC can help pay for your education, give you excellent military skills and knowledge training, and direct you into an officer position after graduation. Visit the ROTC section by clicking the above image.
Learn more about serving in the US Army Reserves. Find out the duty requirements, length of enlistment, and other information by clicking the image to go to the Reserves section of Army.com.
When you join the US Army, what are the various locations you could be stationed? Click the image to see how others have rated the installations and some knowledge online that may make your move there more enjoyable.
The US Armed Forces uses a phonetic alphabet to help when communicating. It will prove to make your life better than "OK." In fact, if you click the above image and memorize this system, you'll find life to be "Oscar Kilo."
Save yourself some push-ups from your drill sergeant at basic training by clicking the above image to read and memorize the Seven Core Army Values (LDRSHIP), General Orders to all soldiers, and the Soldier's Creed.
Catch up on the latest Army-related news stories. Become informed on developments in benefits. Find jokes to tickle your funny bone. And read survival tips from the US Army Survival Manual. Our bloggers' posts are collected here.